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极彩注册机-英国学者:欧洲列国是民族国家,而中国是文明体国家

admin 2019-08-23 373人围观 ,发现0个评论

Martin Jacques(英国学者)

If you go back 2000 years, Europe was united in t极彩注册机-英国学者:欧洲列国是民族国家,而中国是文明体国家he Roman Empire, and China was divided into many different warring states.

2000年前,欧洲一致在罗马帝国之下,而我国是割裂的战国争雄。

Now over the next 2000 years, Europe and China went in exactly the opposite directions.

在接下来的2000年里,欧洲和我国走上了截然相反的路途。

Europe started off united, and then steadily fragmented and divided into many territorial units and ultimately today when we think of Europe, we think of lots of nation-states.

欧洲起先是一致的,然后逐渐割裂成许多小国。到了今天,当咱们谈到欧洲时,咱们想到的是许多民族国家(以民族作为身份认同的国家)

...

China started off very divided, but over the next 2000 years, you know, waxing and waning as a process, it became a very large unified country.

我国起先支离破碎,但在接下来的2000年里,分分合合,总算它成了一个大一统国家。

And the Chinese think of themselves in those terms an牙冠d had a strong allegiance to that idea, not least the periods of division were usually associated with 极彩注册机-英国学者:欧洲列国是民族国家,而中国是文明体国家the worst periods for people in Chinese history....

我国人视自己的国家为大一统国家,而且对之有很强的归属感,特别由于那些割裂的时期一般便是我国前史上最糟糕的时期。

It's very difficult to hold together a very large civilization-state. It's very complicated, because the centrifugal forced are great, pulling it apart and the centripetal force...

要联合这样一个巨大的文明体国家(以文明作为身份认同,相对于民族国家而言)是十分困难的。状况很杂乱,由于有很大的离心力会导致它土崩瓦解。

So there's always a problem in relation with China of holding the country, cohering t极彩注册机-英国学者:欧洲列国是民族国家,而中国是文明体国家he country together.

我国一直要面临怎么保持一致、凝集国民的难题。

And that's why the three most important political values to China are:

firstly unity, secondly order, thi极彩注册机-英国学者:欧洲列国是民族国家,而中国是文明体国家rdly stability.

这便是为什么对我国而言,最重要的三种政治价值观是:榜首一致,第二次序,第三安稳。

That's not just true to the government, that's true to the average Chinese person.

不只政府这么以为,一般的我国人也这样以为。

...

Because it's a huge civilization state, and those become the imperatives of that kind of unit.

由于它是一个巨大的文明体国家,这三极彩注册机-英国学者:欧洲列国是民族国家,而中国是文明体国家个要素是这一类国家维系本身的要害。


关于马丁雅克先生的观念有许多争议,有时间我另写一期好好介绍下这位复旦大学我国研讨学院的教授。

在他一切让西方媒体感到不适的言辞中,我选取了最平缓的这一段跟咱们共享。我信任许多前史爱好者对此会有共识。

的确,魏晋人物再风流,咱们也不能否定从三国到南北朝的大割裂是我国前史上最苦楚、最漆黑的年代。

英豪动刀兵于混沌,大众遭乱离于浊世。

南北坚持,藩镇割据,四方民族在疆场上血肉飞溅地厮杀多少年才总算血脉相融?

草原群英逐鹿中原,轻华夏、屠华夏、敬华夏、用华夏,要阅历多少次向前打听和复古逆流的循环才总算胡有汉姓、自成华夏?

我国何故成为今天的我国?有时候前史课才是政治课。

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